What Does MS70 Mean, and Why Is It Important?

If you are a coin collector, investor, or someone interested in coins, you might have encountered the term MS70. This article aims to provide an in-depth understanding of the term MS70, its significance, and its implications for coin collectors and investors. We will discuss various aspects of MS70, including its meaning, special features, value, and comparison to other coin grades. The information provided in this article is based on extensive research and analysis of various sources, including competitor websites like sbcgold.com and thepatrioticmint.com.

What Does MS70 Mean in Coins? 

MS70 is an abbreviation for Mint State 70, the highest grade assigned to a coin by the grading services. The Sheldon Scale, which ranges from 1 to 70, grades coins based on their condition, quality, and appearance. A coin graded as MS70 is considered in perfect mint state, with no flaws, scratches, or wear visible under 5x magnification. The coin is essentially in the same condition as when it left the mint, without any signs of handling, circulation, or damage.

Several grading services evaluate and assign grades to coins, including the Numismatic Guaranty Corporation (NGC) and the Professional Coin Grading Service (PCGS). These organizations follow strict standards and guidelines to ensure the accuracy and consistency of their grading process. They use expert numismatists to examine the coins and assign a grade based on their professional judgment and expertise. The grading process involves carefully inspecting and assessing a coin’s surface, details, strike, and overall appearance.

Why Are MS70 And PR70 Coins So Special? 

MS70 and PR70 coins are considered to be the pinnacle of numismatic perfection. An MS70 coin is in perfect mint state, while a PR70 coin is a proof coin with the same perfect grade. Proof coins are specially made for collectors and usually have a mirror-like finish, unlike the regular ones on business strike coins.

The rarity and impeccable quality of MS70 and PR70 coins make them highly sought after by collectors and investors. These coins are typically produced in limited quantities, and only a small percentage receive the highest grade. As a result, their value and demand tend to be significantly higher than that of lower-graded coins. The exceptional condition and scarcity of these coins make them an attractive addition to any collection and a valuable long-term investment.

Are MS70 Bullion Coins Worth It? 

MS70 bullion coins are indeed worth considering for both collectors and investors. These coins offer a unique combination of numismatic value and precious metal content. Their perfect condition makes them highly collectible and desirable, while the intrinsic value of the precious metal they contain provides a solid foundation for their worth.

For investors, MS70 bullion coins can be a great way to diversify their portfolio and hedge against economic uncertainties. These coins tend to appreciate over time, often outperforming other investment options. Furthermore, the precious metal content of bullion coins serves as a store of value, protecting investors from the risks associated with inflation and currency devaluation.

For collectors, MS70 bullion coins offer a chance to own a piece of numismatic history in perfect condition. Their pristine quality and rarity make them a source of pride and enjoyment for many collectors, who often view them as a testament to their passion for coins and dedication to preserving numismatic heritage.

Can Circulated Coins Be Graded MS70? 

Circulated coins, by definition, have been used in daily commerce and are typically found with varying degrees of wear and damage. As a result, it is highly unlikely for a circulated coin to be graded MS70. The term “mint state” refers to coins that have never been circulated and show no signs of wear. Therefore, only uncirculated coins can receive the highest grade of MS70.

In practice, it is scarce for a coin to achieve the MS70 grade, even among uncirculated coins. It is because minting, handling, and packaging coins often result in minor imperfections, such as scratches, contact marks, or other flaws. Therefore, only coins preserved in exceptional condition, free from any defects visible under 5x magnification, can be considered for the MS70 grade.

What is the Difference Between MS69 and MS70? 

The difference between MS69 and MS70 lies in the degree of perfection of a coin’s condition. Both grades are assigned to uncirculated coins that are in mint state, but the MS70 grade indicates higher quality and perfection.

An MS69 coin is considered a near-perfect mint state, with only minor imperfections visible under 5x magnification. These imperfections may include minuscule contact marks, tiny hairline scratches, or other minor flaws that do not significantly detract from the coin’s overall appearance. On the other hand, an MS70 coin is considered to be in perfect mint state, with no visible imperfections under 5x magnification.

While collectors and investors highly seek both MS69 and MS70 coins, the MS70 coins tend to command a higher premium due to their perfect condition and rarity. However, it is essential to note that the difference in value between these two grades can vary depending on factors such as rarity, demand, and market conditions.

What is the Difference Between MS70 and PF70? 

The primary difference between MS70 and PF70 coins lies in the type of coin and the production method. As mentioned earlier, MS70 refers to a perfect mint state coin with a business strike finish, while PF70 refers to a perfect proof coin with a mirror-like finish.

Proof coins are specially produced for collectors, using a different minting process than business strike coins. They are struck multiple times using polished dies and specially prepared planchets, resulting in a coin with a sharp, detailed design and a mirror-like background. Proof coins typically bear a “P,” “W,” or “S” mintmark, depending on the mint facility where they were produced.

MS70 and PF70 coins share the same perfect grade of 70 on the Sheldon Scale, but their finishes and production methods set them apart. Both types of coins are highly valued by collectors and investors, with an excellent grade of 70 being the highest possible achievement for any coin. The choice between MS70 and PF70 coins ultimately depends on individual preferences, investment goals, and collecting interests.


Understanding the meaning and significance of MS70 and other coin grades is crucial for collectors and investors. The perfect MS70 grade represents the pinnacle of numismatic perfection, making these coins highly sought after and valuable. By learning about the grading process, the differences between various coin grades, and the factors that contribute to a coin’s value, collectors and investors can make informed decisions and maximize the potential of their coin portfolios. 

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